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  • Writer's pictureChristie



Did you know in the state of California you don’t need any formal education or certification to be an athletic trainer? Just one of many shocking realizations that I gained in today’s conversation with my friend, Eric. Eric is a certified and licensed athletic trainer and we delved into his research in ableism and athletes with disabilities. How he became interested in this topic may not be the reason you think which to me, makes it even more incredible.

I was really excited about this convo, for the fact that I know I don’t know nearly enough about this as I should. Especially teaching cultural competency so I was grateful to sit down with him and dissect the implicit biases that exist in society as well as myself. He broke down what ableism looks like, where these discussions could best serve in education for future healthcare professionals, and what we can all do today to fight ableism.

He gave some great activists followers on social media and recommended the book Disability Visibility for anyone looking to begin or further their awareness in ableism. This is my call to action to change my algorithm.

Let me know what you think this conversation, give it a rating and hit subscribe so you never miss another miss another episode….ENJOY

Topics of discussion

  • General Ableism

  • Research in working with athletes with disabilities

  • What academia do to better prepare ATs

  • The Intersectionality that exists among disabilities and race




  • Rising Phoenix (Netflix)

Social Media Accounts to Follow

Social Media

  • Twitter: Erockarules

  • Instagram: Erockarules


  • Ableism is defined by the Merriam-Webster Dictionary as “discrimination or prejudice against individuals with disabilities

  • Disability is defined by the Merriam-Webster Dictionary as “a physical, mental, cognitive, or developmental condition that impairs, interferes with, or limits a person's ability to engage in certain tasks or actions or participate in typical daily activities and interactions

  • Invisible Disabilities as defined by the Invisible Disabilities Association “In simple terms, an invisible disability is a physical, mental or neurological condition that is not visible from the outside, yet can limit or challenge a person’s movements, senses, or activities. Unfortunately, the very fact that these symptoms are invisible can lead to misunderstandings, false perceptions, and judgments.”

  • Qualitative > Quantitative

  • Disability Blogger, Activist, Model, and Actress Imani Barbarin(@Crutchesandspice) recalled her worries of people with disabilities during the attacks. Here is the tweet

  • July 26, 2020 marked the 30th anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act being signed into law by President George H.W. Bush. “The ADA is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public. The purpose of the law is to make sure that people with disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else.”

  • Percentage of people with disability holding degrees (organized by education level) in the US

    • Less than High School degree → 21.7

    • High School degree → 33.9

    • 4 - year college degree → 10.3

    • More than a 4-year degree → 6.4

  • The History of the Americans with Disabilities Act

    • Like the African-Americans who sat in at segregated lunch counters and refused to move to the back of the bus, people with disabilities sat in federal buildings, obstructed the movement of inaccessible buses, and marched through the streets to protest injustice. And like the civil rights movements before it, the disability rights movement sought justice in the courts and in the halls of Congress.

  • In February 2020, The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported on Feb. 26 an unemployment rate of 7.3% among people with disabilities in 2019, a slight decrease from the 8% reported in 2018. “Yet, people with disabilities are still twice as likely to be unemployed, compared to those without a disability.”

  • It is a well-known fact that blue powerpoints slides make Eric drowsy

  • “Sports Man” is in reference to the major “Sports Management”

  • California Licensing

    • “California is currently the only state that does not regulate the profession of athletic training. There is no legally defined scope of practice describing what an athletic trainer may or may not do.

    • There are no regulations mandating education and certification requirements for becoming an athletic trainer, meaning that anyone can call themselves an athletic trainer and practice in the state.

  • Athletic Trainers do more than tape ankle and pass out waters

  • Bechdel Test, or Bechdel–Wallace test, is a evaluation traditionally used to measure the representation of women in fiction.

    • a way of evaluating whether or not a film or other work of fiction portrays women in a way that is sexist or characterized by gender stereotyping. To pass the Bechdel test a work must feature at least two women, these women must talk to each other, and their conversation must concern something other than a man.” - Definitions by Oxford Languages

    • a set of criteria used as a test to evaluate a work of fiction (such as a film) on the basis of its inclusion and representation of female characters.

  • Inspiration Porn” is is the portrayal of people with disabilities as inspirational solely or in part on the basis of their disability

  • Stella Young was a Australian disability advocate, comedian and actress. She passed in 2014 at the at of 2014. The TedTalk referenced in this episode is called “I’m Not Your Information, Thank You Very Much”

  • Glee (Season 1 Episode 19 “Dream On”), a main story arc is Artie struggling with the desire to walk. In a dream sequence, Artie fantasizes dancing to the song called “The Safety Dance”. Kevin McHale, the actor who played Artie, is an able-bodied individual.

  • Women,

  • Reasons to be admitted to a 19th century Insane Asylum

  • September 9, 2020 Dak Prescott revealed his struggle with his mental health, anxiety, and depression

    • Skip Bayless responded to Prescott’s confession saying “He’s the quarterback of America’s team,” Bayless said. “The sport that he plays is dog-eat-dog. It is no compassion, no quarter given on the football field. If you reveal publicly any little weakness, it can affect your team’s ability to believe in you in the toughest spot.”

  • Royce White was the first round pick for the Houston Rockets in 2012. White was diagnosed with General Anxiety Disorder and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder when he was a teenager. He never played a game for the Rockets as flying on airplanes set off his anxiety

  • “Equal Pay” vs. “Pay Equal To”. Equal Pay is when “refers to the requirement that men and women be paid the same if performing the same job in the same organization.” Pay Equal To refers to equal percentage.

  • Summer of 2017: USMNT played the Ghana National Team was $28.

  • Summer of 2018: Tournament of Nations. For the purchase of 1 ticket, fans we able to watch both matches Japan v. Brazil and USWNT v. Australia. Tickets were $45. That means that each game was worth $22.

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